GOLDBERGER, JOSEPH (1874–1929), U.S. physician and public health specialist. Goldberger, who was born in Giralt, Hungary, immigrated to the U.S. at an early age. From 1899 until his death he served in the U.S. Public Health Service in Washington, D.C. Goldberger's greatest contribution was his discovery of the etiology and therapy of pellagra and his introduction of nicotinic acid as a means of preventing the disease. He also made significant contributions in the study of infectious diseases and public health, particularly in the field of welfare of the poor. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.R. Kagan, Jewish Medicine (1952), 549; Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Aerzte, 1 (1932), S.V. (Suessmann Muntner)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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